Monday, 04 January 2021 00:00

The Types of Hammertoes

Hammertoe occurs when the ligaments and tendons in the middle joint of toes tighten up and force the toes to curl downwards. This can normally happen in any toe except the big toe. The hammertoe can often become uncomfortable if it rubs against the shoe. There are two types od hammertoes which are categorized by the affected toe’s mobility. Flexible hammertoes can be straightened out manually. However, a rigid hammertoe can not be manually straightened out, and its movement can be very limited and painful. Those who are suffering from hammertoes should make sure to wear shoes with a high and wide toe box that allows for enough space for the toes. If your hammertoes persist, make sure to consult with a podiatrist for treatment options since surgery may be necessary.


Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Kristopher Jerry, DPM from Podiatry Health Services . Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Port St Lucie, Stuart, and Hollywood, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?